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ACCCES is a major subsystem of C31 systems being fielded in the Indian Army. The role is to automate all the operational functions of Artillery from the Corps Fire Control Center (FCC) down to the Battery Command Post with Gun Display Units at the individual gun level.
Main hardware units
The Battlefield Surveillance System (BSS) is a mobile automated surveillance system capable of integrating the inputs from all battlefield surveillance devices at div and corps level, processing them to confirm their veracity, prevent duplication, fusing them with other inputs and databases to produce a battlefield scenario to aid the commander in decision making. BSS collects data from various sensors to carry out situation assessment using MSDF and displays the tactical picture on a map background using a customized GIS.
Integrated Air Command and Control System (IACCS) is an automated Air Defense command and control center for controlling and monitoring of Air Operations by Air Force. In network centric warfare era, RASP information is required to be made available at the appropriate level for taking tactical decision. These levels are strategic level (Air head Quarter),Operational level (Command Head quarter) and tactical level (Divisional level). The information sharing involves sharing of the information among navy, army and civil radar network also. The IACCS system receives data from different types of homogeneous/ heterogeneous radars (2-D or 3-D), reports from mobile observation posts and data from various other Air Force Airbases or Civilian agencies viz Air Traffic Control, Air Force Movement Liaison Unit etc. to create real time comprehensive recognized air situation picture (RASP) at IACCS Command & Control Centre (C & C Centre). The connectivity of sensors/agencies from/to the IACCS C&C Centre is connected on a wide area network based on IP protocol.
The system is meant to provide an appropriate solution to identify the track information in the Air.
The system enables surveillance of national airspace for Air Traffic operations and overall airspace safety. The system features and capability are:-
CIDSS is the nucleus and hub centre of Tactical C3I System and is primarily meant for Collecting, Filtering, Processing, Formatting and Displaying Operational, Intelligence and logistics information for the Commanders at all levels in a field force to enable them to assess the battlefield scenario and to take appropriate decisions.
CIDSS is a Tactical Wide Area Data Network formed by interconnecting LAN nodes spread over a Corps Zone comprising of One Corps, Three Divisions, Nine Brigades and Twenty Seven Battalion.
CIDSS has both piece time and war time infrastructure to meet Tactical Battle Area requirement
CIDSS has two containers to meet the tactical LAN requirement, viz, System Administrator Shelter and Integrated Command Post Shelter.
ADC&RS (Air Defence Control & Reporting System) is a system for tactical command & control Army Air Defence. Its prime purpose is to reduce the effectiveness of attack by hostile target far off from the vulnerable assets / points by optimal utilisation of available weapons. It also controls air space primarily for ARMY's area of responsibility. As no single weapon system can adequately protect critical assets against the innumerable of airborne threats, solution based upon integrated firing capabilities of individual Air defence weapon systems used by Army. ADC&RS will support automated means to organise, store, process,integrate and transmit the information required for tactical air defence by the commanders. It provides linkages from firing platform level to the highest level of army air defence control facilities. It also provides dedicated high volume voice and data exchange throughout the network in real time thus increases the capability of Army Air Defence battlefield and act as aforce multiplier. The ADC&RS is categorized into 4 following hierarchal levels:
1. Weapons & Radars: This is the first level and consists of weapons including fire control radars, guns, tracked vehicles etc. This includes a point-to-multipoint real data communication over VHF and serial omnibus.2. Command post:For the active control of weapon. These will be directly attached to the VA/VP and area of Responsibility (50 km X 50 km approx).3. Operations Centre: Next in the hierarchy and will have a larger area of responsibility (100 kmsx100 kms).4. Divisional Air Defence Centre: The AD battle of a full division will be orchestrated from this centre. The Area of Responsibility (AOR) is 200 kms x 200 kms and is mounted on a TATRA 6x6 Vehicle.
The system capabilities are as follows:-
BEL has developed a state-of-the-art Coastal Surveillance System to provide maritime security to vulnerable ports and installations and help the Coast Guard thwart terrorists’ attempts to sneak into the country via sea route.
The Coastal Surveillance System developed by BEL provides total scalable surveillance solutions for vessels, ports, waterways, high threat-prone assets and offshore facilities. Using the system, it is possible to monitor an entire coastline, as the system presents the complete scenario at a centralised Command Centre on a digital map. The system is also useful in large-scale search and rescue operations.
The system tracks and identifies boats near the coastline. Multiple radars and other sensors (Thermal Imagers, Automated Identification System, CC camera etc) are correlated to provide a composite operating picture. It can thus detect and identifies vessels entering unauthorised buffer zones around offshore oil and gas platforms also.
The system has the facility to track up to 40 tracks per radar and identify vessels in distress. The system also has voice communication facility.
Command & Control System (CCS): It is the heart of the surveillance system. It can be deployed as a full-scale coastal surveillance system or as a single facility protection system (such as an oil rig, port, high threat asset, etc). It is used to integrate maritime radars, air surveillance radars, Automated Identification System, Interrogation Friend or Foe, Sonar, Electro-Optical Surveillance Systems and provide connection to other CCS through a data link network.
The Command Control Console (CCC): The CCC provides the operator with all the required capabilities to remotely control the sensors on the network, construct and present the tactical situation assessment picture, support mission planning such as interception, search and rescue, plus meet any other specific requirements given by user.
Sensor Integration: The Costal Surveillance System utilises various types of Radar sensors, which are users specific; hence any type of radar sensor can be integrated for surveillance system.
Electro Optical Director (EOD), Integration Option: The Command & Control System can be easily integrated with any type of electro optical device providing both video and thermal imaging capabilities. It provides surveillance through TV and FLR images on a dedicated monitor and on Command & Control console.
Vessel Traffic Management System (VTMS): VTMS is a solution that integrates radar, cameras, video, AIS, and other sensors with an advanced Composite System Tracker to provide a cost-effective radar surveillance solution for small to large ports. The solution is scaleable to fit any needs. The system will take the radar picture and display it over an electronic chart (S57) for enhanced situational awareness. The chart will give additional information like buoys, depth, lighthouse details, and channel details, which are essential for guiding vessels into the harbour.
Camera Manager: The system controls multiple cameras.
Hand Held Computer (HHC) is a ruggedised, compact & lightweight mobile computing device for quick preparation and communication of free flow tactical messages in battlefield conditions over a communication medium such as Radio.
It has enough processing power to carry out the varied and demanding tasks in a battle field conditions. It can be used as an effective field management information system to empower, by providing allCable-HHC, USB facilities required for a Forward Observation Officer (FOO) on a networked mobile platform. It can be interfaced with any of a standard Radio or Data Communication device having a serial port interface after porting suitable interface protocol.
It has a large, all weather condition touch screen display with facility for LED backlight for viewing in poor light conditions. The display has high resolution and 64k possible colour combinations. It has a pop-up QWERTY keyboard on the display screen using which data can be entered and edited in the field condition and can be later downloaded onto a PC at a static centralized place for backup and storage. HHC can be interfaced to almost all types of external peripherals directly like Flash stick.
The HHC is a compact self-contained pocket computer with numerous interfaces that make this device powerful and flexible enough to be used in a wide range of applications.
Intelligent Message Terminal (IMT) is a versatile computer based terminal for TP, TELEX, and Data, FAX communication over AREN, ASCON, AMSS networks and point-to point radio communication links. It can also be used for desktop computer application and also as a LAN client. It is a portable, semi-ruggedised system, suitable for both static as well as vehicular roles in the Army. It is designed to replace the conventional electronic and electromechanical teleprinters from the Indian Army. It can be used for transmission of the messages over the selected medium either instantly or at a scheduled time.
IMT is having spill proof, dustproof 86 keys keyboard with an integral mouse and 10.4” colour LCD display. The IMT provides the interface for TELEX/TP, Data MODEM, FAX MODEM and Ethernet.
IMT can operates on 230V AC as well as 24/48 DC power
IMT system has user friendly, menu-driven software to control transmission, reception, storage & retrieval of messages. IMT has a facility to chat on TP and DATA channels, when deployed at both ends. IMT is designed to meet industrial environment and EMI / EMC requirements.
IMT hardware has been designed taking into consideration the operational, maintenance and up gradation needs of the user.
In CIDSS, there is a requirement for the commanders who are on the move to access the resources at formation HQs, which is a distributed LAN. In order to meet this requirement, an interface unit called Wireless Message Transfer Unit (WMTU) has been designed which will transfer Ethernet packets over wireless media. This unit is deployed in a LAN environment. It provides seamless integration with Ethernet network. It supports 2 channels of Digital radio (STARS V Mk II). The Unit is also provided with two serial ports.
WMTU is a Pentium based Single board computer with PC 104 bus interface and the add on cards designed using industrial grade components which provides interface with wireless media. The system is ruggedized to meet the stipulated environmental and EMI / EMC requirements.
The Rugged Laptop Computer (RLTC) is designed to meet the requirements of the user in the military,industrial and other harsh environments. These requirements are achieved through appropriate engineering design. Rugged laptop computer is designed on Core I 7 system with 10/100/1000 Optical & Electrical Ethernet interface, removable hard disk, DVD R/W, 15" LCD display interface, graphic card with 1 GB memory, Standard Qwerty keyboard and Touch pad, Modem and 2GB RAM (expandable upto 4GB).
The system operates with a nominal input of 12 V DC supply, but also has a battery back up to support the operations in the field conditions. The operating system is Windows 7/XP. In addition, provision is available for express card. Its flexible design makes upgrades and maintenance simple. With superior mechanical reliability, the RLTC is ideal for use in applications where a harsh or vibration-prone environment would prohibit the use of a standard commercial laptop computer.